Portsmouth music scene

THE SIXTIES


60

A CUBAN missile crisis, the assassination of President Kennedy, Vietnam, the " modernisation " of Britain into a land of motorways and trading stamps, all these were aspects of the new decade. There way fear, progress, and materialism. Popular music for the first time became a conscious reflection and commentary on the times. In the past, music hall songs and gimmicky hits had traced bits of history. Now young performers were beginning to question established principles and overthrow old ideas, as they put beliefs into song. During the Sixties, the twin streams of pop, the simple process of making hits, were united with rock'n'roll the cause, and became ROCK, the lifestyle. Rock was a forum, an open house for the singers, writers, poets, instrumentalists and bizarre personalities. While performers struggled for liberty, permissiveness, freedom of expression, the industry struggled to control the rearing horse, and rode a wild ride to riches.
to America, roar wows become an even greater entertainment force than the movies. Britain would produce a super-abundance of talent to take on the world. The years of American dominance were finally, incredibly broken, and there began a succession of " British Invasions." What none of our musical stars, film actors, dance hand leaders and jazzmen had achieved to any great extent in the three preceding decades, the untutored, long-haired rock musicians managed to demonstrate with dramatic ease. They conquered America.
The two most powerful influences of the decade were Bob Dylan and the Beatles. But there was a multitude of influences at work on them and they gave birth to whole new schools of musical thought. But before the Beatles made their impact, pop was still a vilbrant going concern. While the pre-Beatles Sixties have often been dismissed as of no consequence, there were several good groups and artists who did their own pioneering in England, like Johnny Kidd & The Pirates, who, hit with one of the finest-ever rock records, "Shakin' All Over," in 1960, and the Shadows, who made many memorable recordings like "Apache" that same year.
Helen Shapiro was a promising girl singer with a remarkably mature voice who hit with "Walking Back To Happiness," and other British idols were John Leyton who was noted more for his good looks than the quality of his vocals. America was enjoying the first golden era of male teenage idols with Fabian, Bobby Vee, Bobby Rydell, Bobby Darin and Ricky Nelson. Duane Eddy kept the sound of rock alive with his twangy bass guitar notes, and Brenda Lee brought a touch of R&B earthiness to hits like "Jump The Broomstick." On the West Coast there were the surfing music idols, Jan & Dean and the Beach Boys.
The nation's black population thrilled to the sound of The Genius, Ray Charles, a jazz pianist and gospel singer, who brought a new hipness to popular music. Rock had lost some of it's greatest exponents in the tragic 1959 'plane crash that killed Buddy Holly, the Big Bopper and Richie Valens. A year later, in 1960 Eddie Cochran, was killed in a car crash in England just at his peak of fame when he'd been performing his classics "Something Else," "Summertime Blues," "Cut Across Shorty," and "Twenty Flight Rock." Buddy Holly, the bespectacled singer and guitarist had brought a surprising degree of emotion and feeling to rock with his songs like "Peggy Sue," and "I Guess It Doesn't Matter Any More."
The Evenly Brothers survived the first rock boom to produce "Bye Bye Love," "Wake Up Little Suzie," "Bird Dog," "All I Have To Do Is Dream," "Cathy's Clown," and "Lucille." do Britain the trod boom degenerated into what was contemptuously referred to as "traddypop,' and there was something even worse called "rockatrad." B UT there were rumblings from those British youngsters who found trad both corny and redolent of half pints of bitter and leather-patched elbows. An interest in R&B and soul, as well as fond memories of the original rockk and rollers, fired the enthusiasm of young musicians all over Britain, especially in the seaport of Liverpool.
Here the Beatles began. At first they were the Quarrymen, a skiffle group, and then the Silver Beatles. They went through personnel changes, and at one time were a five-piece 'with Stu Sutcliffe on guitar. But eventually the line up consisted of John Lennon (guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals) and Ringo Starr (drums, vocals). Their first number one was "Please Please Me," released in January 1963. It started an incredible round of touring and hit records which lasted until 1966 when the group quit touring and concentrated on recording revolutionary new music, typified by performances like "Strawberry Fields Forever," and the entire "Sergeant Pepper" album of 1967.
The band broke up in an atmosphere oaf recrimination in 1970, with a last album called "Let It Be." For nearly nine years the Beatles were rarely out of the world's headlines. They caused controversies and upset everybody from the Ku Klux Klan to the Church, but were feted and loved as few entertainers have ever been. More importantly they opened up opportunities for thousands of young artists, paving the way for the supergroup boom of the late Sixties, and also created same of the best. most lasting and original pop songs of the century. If the Beatles were influenced by a mix of soul and rock and roll in the North of England, then in the south the Rolling Stones were under the spell of the big city electric bluesmen.
It is to the credit of the Stones and Beatles that they did not remain copyists for long. In the Beatles' case, they had been ardent songwriters from the beginning, having stock-piled many of the songs that were to become later hits, and their versions of classics like "Twist And Shout" helped open the ears of the British public to " a whole world of soul material they barely knew existed.
For several years, Jogger, Lennon and McCartney 'had only to announce their interest in a particular artist they 'had had discovered, by trips to America or assiduous record collection, to ensure British appreciation for their work. Thus the two supergroups brought attention to Bob Dylan, James Brown, Smokey Robinson, the Isley Brothers, Martha and the Vandellas, Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley. WHILE today " soul-freaks" abound and clamour fanatically about " their" music, it should be remembered that when a Tamla Motown soul package came to Britian in the mid Sixties with such stars as the Miracles and the Supremes, theatre managers had to give away tickets to ensure an audience, and even the late addition of Georgic Fame to the bill did not help the box office.
It was musicians who first appreciated the new wave of Black talent. Meanwhile a vast group infrastructure developed, that was to bring revenue and prestige to Britain to a greater degree than most of its heavy industries. There had been what was known as the "big beat boom," immediately in the wake of the Beatles. This was concurrent with the R&B boom in which instrumentalists mixed influences from jazz, soul and the blues.
Thus were born the remarkable British groups of the mid-Sixties: the Graham Bond Organisation, the Animals with Eric Burdon, the Yardbirds with their succession of guitarists (Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck and Jimmy Page), Manfred Mann, Brian Auger's Trinity, Steam Packet, the T. Bones, Mark Leeman Five, the Artwoods, Georgie Fame & The Blue Flames, Chris Farlowe and the Thunderbirds and Zoot Money & His Big Roll Band. America reeled under the onslaught of young British talent, the Beatles, Stones, Dave Clark, Herman's Hermits and dubbed it the "Redcoat invasion," a reference to uniformed troops of colonial days.
As bguitar and drum techniques grew out of the primitive stage, so hands like Cream emerged. Starring Jack Bruce, (bass guitar), Eric Clayton (lead) and Ginger Baker (drums), Cream which formed in 1966, quickly gained a devoted following at home and "were the first group since the Beatles to cause a real sensation in America where they toured throughout most of 1966-67. Their brand of flashy instrumental rock and blues set the scene for the "heavy" groups: the hugely successful Led Zeppelin, the Jimi Hendrix Experience and, later, Black Sabbath.
Other groups became more sophisticated and pioneered the use of theatrical effects as the 35 minute grasp spot became a full two-hour show. The Who were among the first, followed by Jethro Tull, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Yes, Genesis, Pink Floyd, Zeppelin. From. 1966 onwards, British rock groups toured Aimerica and earned themselves fortunes, although most had known struggle and hard work to achieve their success. As the space of the rock life quickened, it took its toll of health, sanity and eventually lives. The excitement of quick riches, the spread of the drug culture, and the hedonistic lifestyle encouraged by the false images of stardom wreaked havoc. Several died before they reached their late twenties: Brian Jones, Otis Redding, Jimi Hendrix, Jim Morrison, Janis Joplin and Brian Epstein.
There were others: Graham Bond, lesser-known but gifted musicians like bassist Cliff Barton, saxist Glenn. Hughes, who died before they had a chance to achieve artistic fulfillment, or even in some cases proper recognition. For all the tragedies there was success and excitement on a massive scale. IN America, the entireyouth culture of the hippie movement was born on the West Coast around 1966, and quickly spread to Europe, reaching a peak in the golden summer of 1967.
The hippies believed in the freedom to pursue hedonistic pleasures, gain enlightenment and awareness, with the aid of drugs like LSD if necessary, and simply to lead a life that was based on love and simplicity rather than hate and materialism. But the increasing ferocity and violence of America's involvement in Vietnam made a mockery of the love-in and flower power. But the underground culture, expressed in painting, fashion and music, had a profound effect on rock music. The concept of the love-in, or be-in, where people gathered in friendship and brotherhood developed into the pop festival, one of the greatest phenomenons of a decade littered with phenomena. The explosion of talent in Britain on America's West Coast was united at the historic Monterey Pop Festival in 1967. Supposedly inspired by hippie idealism, there was much money to be made, In the event the festival introduced to the world such stars as Jimi Hendrix, ' the Who, Jefferson Airplane and Otis Redding.
Festivals had already been pioneered in Britain as far back as 1961, when the ,homely and cosy National Jazz Federation had been holding a largely jazz flavoured event at Richmond Athletic Ground. As the years rolled by (and the festival is still held annually) it shifted location between Richmond, Windsor, Kernipton Park and Reading where it finally settled. It also shifted its musical focus, and by 1963 the festival was to, be dominated by the blues and R&B bands like the Rolling Stones and Yardbirds. While the NJF festivals ploughed ahead, the first rival event came with the Isle of Wight Festival of 1968. Attended by a few thousand it ran all night until a downpour of freezing rain. Among those playing were Jefferson Airplane, the Crazy World Of Arthur Brown, Fairport Convention and Tyrannosaurus Rex. The following year saw Bob Dylan and The Band playing at a vastly enlarged festival, with a whole gamut of British talent from the Who to the Bonzo Dog Doodah Band.
In America, the Woodstock Festival of 1969 was such an event (three days of peace and music) that it lent its name to the Woodstock Generation, even the Woodstock Nation, and was filmed in a highly successful documentary. But 1969 was also to see a dark shadow cast across the whole love and peace trip, when the Rolling Stones played a free festival at the Altamont race track. California Hells Angels were hired for "security." When the Stones eventually got on stage and began playing "Sympathy For The Devil," a young Black member of the audience was attacked, stabbed and kicked to death by a gang of Hells' Angels.
The disaster at Altamont seemed to send a cold blast of reality through rock and marked the end of the Hippie Dream. But rock itself recovered from the horror, or tried to pretend it didn't happen. The bands played on, and the festivals got bigger. APART from the Beatles and the 'Stones , the other great sixties idol was Bob Dylan. He was inspired by Woody Guthrie. He was discovered by John Hammond of CBS who produced his first album in 1962 which contained such items as "in My Time Of Dyin' " "Man Of Constant Sorrow," "Song To Woody" and "House Of The Rising Sun."
From then on, he recorded mainly his own com-positions, and on the 1963 album "The Freewheelin' ,Bob Dylan," forged a revolution in 'Pop lyrics al- though that was doubtless not his intention. Dylan became identified with protest, civil rights and the anti-war lobby, but upset his folk supporters when he switched to electric rock and roll with the release of "Bringing It All Back Home" in 1965. In 1966 Dylan released one of rock's first double albums " Blonde On Blonde" and the same year, in late July, he suffered a motor cycle accident and was forced to cancel his concerts. Two years went by before returning to record the country-flavoured "John Wesley Harding."
While Dylan, like most artists, resented being put in a category, he undoubtedly inspired the so- called folk rock movement, and the plethora of singer-songwriters and poets who could work within the loose framework of rock. The Sixties were a period of artistic turmoil when new ideas prevailed and the scope for adventure seemed limitless. Britain was surrounded by a ring of floating pirate radio ships that beamed continuous pop music stations like Radios Caro- line, London, Atlanta, Britain and England. Eventually, the Marine Offences Act was passed and the pirates were sunk, to be replaced by the BBC's own pop station, Radio One, a Government sop to protest.
The pirate ships played an important part in helping the burgeoning British underground rock scene, Caroline in pacticular playing Procol Harum's "A Whiter Shade Of Pale" non-stop all night. Deejay John Peel with his Perfumed Garden show virtually had the monopoly of underground music and his name became synonymous with Tyrannosaurus Rex, Captain Beefheart, Grateful Dead, Pink Floyd, Jefferson Airplane, Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention.
The Radio One network in the Seventies turned the clock back towards the more spurious form of "glam-rock" and revitalised the old fashioned pop single. The steam had gone out of the Rock Revolution although it had a few stings in the tail.
ROCK in the Sixties had seen an almost lunatic outburst of excess, pirate radio, drugs, groupies, festivals, free concerts, riots, deaths, musical experiment that blended folk, jazz, soul and even Indian music. But while the white rock stars and their followers grabbed at the headlines, black American music progressed with greater dignity and ultimately more staying power. By the mid-Seventies, black music came from the West Indies in the form of bluebeat, ska, and finally reggae, or from the States as Tamla Motown, soul, the Stax sound or the Philly sound. Parallel with the growth of Black music came new-hard-won free-dams, an im-proved position in society, and greater opportunities. And yet an artist like Jimi Hendrix, who came to Britain from New York in 1966, seemed to owe allegiance to no Particular race and was made more welcome in England than he was at home. Hendrix was a great blues performer, an original songwriter and lyricist. But he was presented as a showman guitarist, and his stage act included playing guitar with his teeth and setting it on fire.
This tended to cloud his musical contribution during the time he was touring in Britain and America, but his succession of albums showed the restless, pioneering spirit of his writing and playing. His tragic death in a London flat in September 1970 robbed rock of one of its most important artists, and one who could have contributed much to the following decade. Another great black performer who died early was Otis Redding, killed in a plane crash in 1967. With albums like "Otis Blue" Redding had created ,a link between the blues and gospel tradition and the driving urgency of the modern rock rhythm section. He was one of the Stax label's stable of talent, which included Sam & Dave, Steve Cropper, Booker T and the MGs and Carla Thomas.
There were other great soul groups and singers who kept up a consistently high standard of hits, beautifully Produced, with immaculate pace-making rhythm sections and arrangements Aretha Franklin, Ike & Tina Turner, Wilson Pickett, Arthur Conley, the Impressions, Smokey Robinson and the Miracles, Martha Reeves, the Temptations, Diana Ross and the Supremes, Isaac Hayes, Barry White, Harold Melvin - the talent flawed endlessly.
Music was churned from the key cities of Detroit, Memphis, New York and Las Angeles in what seemed like conveyor belt fashion, and yet the indefinable soulful quality of the music remained entrenched even in the most mundane performance. Britain could do little to combat this kind of mass production, but we had our own pop performers who could claim a strong black influence.
Tom Jones, who began his career influenced by Otis Redding and Wilson Pickett, made many million-selling hits in Britain before canquering American women with his sexy cabaret act. Rod Stewart of the Faces admitted his debt to the late Sam Cooke as Rod and the Faces triumphed in Britain and America, while Joe Cocker, a lad from Sheffield employed a gutteral throaty roar that was generally conceded to have black antecedents. But while Mick Jagger, the Sixties star of drug busts, flopped movies, riotous concerts, high camp and high society, retained his black-based vocal style, there was nothing particularly black-influenced about the highly developed and complex music of the new rock supergroups.
Bands like Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Yes, Genesis and Jethro Tull worked hard at arrangements, vocal harmonies, skilful stage manage- ment, lighting effects and theatrical hardware. They made platinum albums that were dubbed examples of "progressive rock."
As Led Zeppelin unveiled the Seventies with their monster albums and sell-out concert tours, it all seemed a long way from Helen Shapiro and "Walking Back To Happiness."

jagger

1960

JANUARY: " Rock 'n' Roll is now respectable," says BBC executive ABC-TV to replace Boy Meets Girl with a " family-type " show Porgy & Bess to be seen on BBC-TV Lonnie Donegan breaking pantomime records at Finsbury Park Empire Guy Mitchell signs for TV - but no concerts Anthony Newley to make variety debut this month, Cliff Richard makes panto debut at Stock ton Hippodrome, David Whitfield, Ronnie Hilton, Sheila Buxton, Alma Cogan, Janie Marden Eve Boswell Dickie Valen- tine, Toni Dalli, Roy Castle also starring in Christmas pantomimes Humphrey Lyttelton pulls out of BBC's Saturday Club-Royal Albert Hall concert as a protest against beat " slant. John Barry Seven to replace him Miles Davis does the impossible, tops Louis in trumpet section of Melody Maker Jazz Poll (World Section).
FEBRUARY: Gene Vincent quits after being given the bird at Bradford (Yorks) Gaumont Tubby Hayes to represent U.K. at San Remo Festival Beverley Sisters to star with Liberate at London Palladium Cliff Richard a big hit on opening in US at Evansville, Indiana Fans storm box offices for Bobby Darin tickets Nat Gonella's new band opens at Liverpool Cavern National Youth Jazz orchestra makes public debut Pete Murray refuses to play Russ Conway's " Royal Event on grounds of bad taste U.S, death disc " Teen Angel is banned by BBC Pat Bootle slams pop songs with religious lyrics Acker Bilk mobbed on Irish tour Emile Ford and Checkmates debut in variety.
MARCH:- Cliff Richard's double top in Melody Maker Poll, Top Male Artist and Top Vocal Record with " Living Doll " "I've tossed my jazzy stage uniform into the wardrobe - and collected an 18-piece band to supply the music," says Tommy Steele in Australia Juke Box Jury now attracts 7,000,000 viewers. Conway Twitty and Johnny Preston team up for U.K. tour Dinah Dee All-Girls Band safe after being " unaccounted for " in Agadir earthquake Elvis demobbed after two years' service Dorita y Pepe are prolific broadcasters ABC-TV to present new Jack Good teenbeat show with Marty Wilde and Billy Fury.
APRIL: Rock rowdies dog Darin concert tour - Bobby hits back with: ' I'm a ballad singer more than a beat singer " Ronnie Scott to open a modern jazz college Vernon Girl Lyn Cornell goes solo Elvis Presley's return disc " Stuck On You"/"Fame And Fortune " has US advance of more than 1,000,000 - leaps to No. 4 here in five days. DJ payola probe flops in House of Commons. Record dealers declare war on cut price pirates. MU bans all members from taking South African bookings Eddie Cochran killed in car crash. The show must go on, says co-star Gene Vincent Six-months-a-star Adam Faith chosen for Royal Variety with Lonnie Donegan, John Barry, Nat King Cole, Sammy Davis, and Liberace.
MAY: Beaulieu Jazz Festival fixed for August Bank Holiday, to be covered by BBC-TV. Vera Lynn signs three-year contract with MGM in America. Terry Dene stages comeback. Girls run wild during Cliff Richard concert at Odeon, Manchester. Up-and-coming jazz singer Ernestine Anderson to tour Britain. Nat King Cole " scintillating " at New Victoria concert Teenage panel to select Cliff Richard's next single release.
JUNE: ABC-TV decide to kilt Jack Good's teenbeat programme WHAM! Will be suc- ceeded by new programme titled Tin Pan Alley, featuring John Barry Seven. " I like Joan Regan and Russ Conway," says Bing Crosby in an interview " The most successful British festival yet," says organrser of Bath Jazzfest. Lionel Bart writing new show titled Blitz to star Anthony Newley ,. Tapes of pop music now on sale but British jazzmen get brush-Off from record companies. Jazz is dropped from Leeds Arts Festival.
JULY: Flamingo Club boss and music publisher Jeff Kruger fires opening shots in war on record monopoly ABC-TV drops jazz from Sunday Break, then seeks a resident jazz group for the programme Lionel Bart's Oliver acclaimed at London's New Theatre 15-year-old girl Brenda Lee described as " the hottest disc property in America " Andre Previn refused a Ministry of Labour permit to appear in Granada TV's Variety Show. Storm brews over U.S. death disc " Tell Laura I Love Her " French students visiting Hastings give Chris Barber Band the bird One dead in Newport riot.
AUGUST: Hooligans run riot at Beaulieu Jazziest and also damage the cause of jazz, but " there will be a Beaulieu next year," says Lord Montague Shirley Bassey signs for four weeks at the Pigalle, opposite Eartha Kitt at Talk Of The Town Ken Dodd hits Top Twenty with debut disc " Love Is Like A Violin " Hoagy Carmichael to top BBC-TV's Showtime Oscar Hammerstein II (65) dies - Judy Garland pays tribute in Melody Maker. Nationwide tours arranged for Adam Faith and for Emile Ford after Blackpool season.
SEPTEMBER: " Mais Oui " another big hit for the singing King Brothers Judy Garland (at the Palladium) was incredible, says Melody Maker . Vic Ash-Harry Klein Five to back Miles Davis on tour Eve Boswell plays bagpipes in Glasgow show Eddie Cochran memorial album issued Palette and Interdisc labels claim " Big Brother " squeeze-out of record scene." I am not , a rock singer," says Mark Wynter " I have not deserted jazz," says pianist Dudley Moore US bassist Oscar Pettiford (37) dies In Copenhagen.
OCTOBER: Miles Davis to proceed with million-dollar lawsuit against New York City for assault battery, false arrest and malicious prosecution Peggy Lee signed for Pigalle Judy Garland to visit Birmingham, Leeds and Manchester Johnny Dankworth signs new drummer, Ronnie Stevenson, from Don Smith's Band of Newcastle Ricky Valance's " Tell Laura I Love Her" hits No. 1 Gillespie-Adderley JATP tour off - then on again with the addition of Coleman Hawkins, Benny Carter, Roy Eldridge, Don Byas. New Lyttelton Sextet a hit at Perth. Roy Orbison's " Only The Lonely " at No. 1. Emile Ford, Cliff Richard and Russ Conway to headline ATV's Saturday Spectacular.
NOVEMBER: Presley admirers angry at publication of the book Operation Elvis. US fans ban it and ask UK to follow suit. Treasure trove of un- released Charlie Parker and Lester Young tracks uncovered in Newark (America) offices of Savoy Records. Papa Sue's Viking Jazzband makes second U.K. tour. Kirby Stone Four here. Tommy Steele a smash hit in She Stoops To Conquer at London's Old Vic. Trad jazz sales hit by disc slump.
DECEMBER: Britain's jazzmen on warpath against bad working conditions in clubs - 100 meet behind locked doors. Latest JATP the biggest package yet - and the best. But Kilburn concert cancelled in favour of Berlin date. " Secret " recording session for Sheila Southern with Robert Farnon. Lita Roza signs 18,000-dollar Las Vegas contract and will appear with Harry James. " I have never in my life worked so hard," says Frankie Vaughan, Filming in Hollywood Dave King clinches big Hollywood deal with 20th Century Fox , Elvis Presley's "It's Now Or Never" sells a million. Monty Sunshine suddenly ends seven-year stint with Chris Barber.

1961

JANUARY: "Why was I Fred (from the Chris Barber Band)?" asks clarinettist Monty Sunshine Russ Conway awarded Silver Disc by EMI for "phenomenal album sales" Gold Disc for Elvis Presley for 1,000,000 sales of "It's Now Or Never" Melody Maker to present a six-day jazz marathon in Manchester Two US tours planned for Chris Barber this year Film star Betty Hutton Signed for London's Pigalle Cabaret in March Shirley Bassey 'reunited with former manager Mike Sullivan Lionel Bart forms own music publishing company Petula Clark has a chart hit with "Sailor".
FEBRUARY: Ministry of Labour refuse Benny Goodman a permit to play jazz in Britain Newport (US) City Council will not authorise 1961 Festival Nat King Cole walks out of Ed Sullivan TV show Helen Shapiro makes disc debut -. Thirteen March dates set for tour by Ella Fitzgerald and the Oscar Peterson Trio June Christy and the Four Freshmen arrive for tour. Cleo Laine to film with Vivien -Leigh in The Roman Spring Of Mrs. Stone. Clyde Valley Stompers move south permanently Nick La Rocca, leader of the ODJB, dies at his New Orleans home.
MARCH: Ella-Oscar package set to break European box office records less Contact and Matt Monro top all-star touring package show Gerry Mulligan a clear winner in Canadian Jazz Poll Joe Loss wins another Carl Allan Award Music publishers blast ITV's song contest "D.Js have too much power," says Songwriter's Guild Robin Hall and Jimmy Macgregor release "The Monster Of Loch Ness" single Two Ivor Novello Awards for Lionel Bart's Oliver The Allisons come second in Eurovision Song Contest - booked for two weeks at London Palladium.
APRIL: Ella Fitzgerald, Oscar Peterson and Johnny Dankworth Orchestra booked for hour-long Granada TV show. Lena Borne here for seven weeks at Talk Of The Town Humphrey Lyttelton to play a Royal Festival Hall concert with Paul Robeson. Alyn Ainsworth to conduct for American musical Bye Bye Birdie starring Marty Wilde. 37 international jazzmen petition U.S. government following jailing of alto star Art Pepper on drug charges Victor Feldman first transatlantic star booked by Ronnie Scott Club "t don't know why I'm a hit," says Adam Faith Four-track tape recorder wins Audio Fair accolade Pete Seeger jailed for contempt in American political trial - British tour cancelled, but is on again following appeal against sentence.
MAY: Adam Faith will top Melody Maker Blackpool pop concert on June 4 Bolton club blaze sparks probe of jazz cellars "Hit discs aren't all that important" says Frankie Vaughan Legendary Miff Mole (63) dies in New York. Peggy Lee asks Victor Feldman to accompany her at Pigalle. Television series for Dudley Moore Trio BBC postpones Pete Seeger series Helen Shapiro's "Don't Treat Me Like A Child" at No. 4 in Melody Maker chart. Jo Stafford to make TV spectaculars in Britain Cliff Richard and Shirley Bassey top singers, and "Portrait Of My Love" (Matt Monro) top vocal disc in Melody Maker poll Cliff and Shadows to film The Young Ones. Jerry Lee Lewis plans comeback.
JUNE: Chris Barber to replace Count Basle at Belgium's third International Jazzfest Eydie Gorme and Steve Lawrence open at the Pigalle Mark Wynter a big hit in Australia. Joe Henderson signs for second ABC-TV series. Belgian Jazzfest on BBC-TV. Antibes Festival on radio's Jazz Club. Cleo Laine makes cabaret debut in West End at the Jack of Clubs.
JULY: "Trad is being beaten to J death," say Acker Bilk, Alex Welsh and Ken Colyer. Raves for Anthony Newley's first LP "Tony". Stars from 1961 Beaulieu Jazz Festival to tour the provinces. BBC bans Max Bygraves "Nursery Rhymes For Grown-Ups" record. Bing Crosby here for three months' filming. Sammy Davis cancels twelve concerts gives no reason. Helen Shapiro to debut in variety. Anita O'Day here for 18-day tour. French want to ban rock by law.
AUGUST: End of Beaulieu Jazz Festivals, beaten by hooliganism. Bing Crosby, Peggy Lee and Sammy Cahn on ABC Television. Karl Denver Trio rockets into the big-time with recording of "Marcheta". EMI Records enter cut-price field with Encore label. Stop The World, a hit in London, to move on to Broadway. Helen Shapiro and Eden Kane (numbers 1 and 2 in Melody Maker chart) both to tour. Mecca announce 1,000 trad contest. Zoot Sims leads American invasion of Ronnie Scott Club. A new single "Walking Back to Happiness" and an extensive tour of weekend concert dates for Helen Shapiro, whose "You Don't Know" has topped 250,000. John Leyton soars to top of Melody Maker chart with "Johnny Remember Me."
SEPTEMBER: John Coltrane plans UK tour with Dizzy Gillespie Concert series for Eden Kane Diz Disley to c o m p e r e radio's Trad Tavern New orchestra planned by Warren Covington, trombone-leader of the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra Frank Sinatra's Reprise label makes British bow Acker Bilk writes theme for Stranger On The Shore, BBC-TV children's serial.
OCTOBER: Trad strikes again, Acker Bilk, Kenny Ball and Temperance Seven chosen for Royal Variety Performance. Three Gold Discs for Lonnie Donegan for "Rock Island Line", "My Old Man's A Dustman" and "Does Your Chewing Gum Lose Its Flavour Matt Monro a big hit in US 5,000 attend concerts as Chris Barber's Band beat German jazz slump Tony Meehan quits Shadows and is replaced by Brian Bennett, formerly drummer with Marty Wilde. American producer signs six British bands and three singers for new film, It's Trad, Dad, co-starring Helen Shapiro and Craig Douglas Kay Starr records first British LP at EMI's Abbey Road Studios Ronnie Ross guests with MJQ at Hammersmith Gaumont concert.
NOVEMBER: "Elvis has agreed to come to Britain for a charity show," say Vic Lewis and his partner, Manchester club-owner-Billy Benny, on their return from visiting Elvis and Col. Parker in Memphis, Tennessee "It's tougher playing trad," says former Johnny Dankworth trumpet Dickie Hawdon Mr Kruschev has received a copy of Kenny Ball's "Midnight In Moscow" from Pye Records BBC to spotlight late-night bands from Hammersmith Palais and the Savoy Hotel. Dinah Washington charged with assault in New York.
DECEMBER: Brubeck lashes out at his critics in middle of UK tour 'Frankie Vaughan caught in the middle of VAF, Equity and ATV squabble about Sunday Night at the London Palladium Commercial radio ship to operate outside territorial waters in the Thames Estuary John Leyton to star in three films John Coltrane wins top tenor and soprano awards in Down Beat Poll Ex-Shadows drummer Tony Mee- han joins Decca as an A & R man Ray Ellington discovers and signs new girl singer Susan Maughan Acker Bilk to play, sing, dance and act in Christmas TV musical The Princess And the Pea Cyril Stapleton starts 250,000 Mecca contract at the Lyceum Ballroom, in January The twist described as "the most vulgar dance ever invented " " Trad - It's dying," says Bert Weedon.

1962

JANUARY: John Leyton lashes writers who describe POP singers as " the gimmick brigade - a product of studio sounds" Eden Kane, Lonnie Donegan and newcomer-dancer Peter Gordeno stake early claim for 1962 chart Honours Cliff Richard's "The Young Ones" release hits No. 1 with 500,000 advance sales Dizzy Gillespie robbed at gunpoint in Chicago Isle of Man to have its own commercial radio station, Britain's first Granada television series for Cleo Laine accompanied by the Johnny Dankworth Orchestra Kenny Ball's "Midnight In Moscow" in US charts Helen Shapiro the biggest box office attraction since Cliff Richard.
FEBRUARY: Trad-jazz bands leaning towards swing by adding pianos. 13 week Granada TV series for the folk-singing Galliards. Jazz pianist Eddie Thompson to emigrate to America. U.S. singers Brenda Lee and Gene Vincent team up for April tour of U.K. Carl Allan Awards for Acker Bilk, Billy Fury and Joe Loss. Cliff Richard plans Summer Holiday film. Jazz-played by the Al Fairweather- Sandy Brown All-Stars - to be included in this year's Edinburgh Festival. Chris Barber tops first-ever Trad section of Melody Maker poll ahead of Kenny Ball and Alex Welsh.
MARCH: Singer Danny Williams turns down offer of two weeks at New York's Copacabana. Pianist Dill Jones (now in U.S.) joins Jimmy McPartland's Band Kenny Baker to front band for Four Freshmen tout. Johnny Dankworth writes a new theme for radio's long-running Mrs Dale's Diary. Count Basin with Lambert, Hendricks and Ross, records a one-hour TV show for Granada. Ember Records boss Jeff Kruger again lashes the " monopoly of the big five record companies in Britain". Joe Loss has big record hit with TV's "Maigret Theme ". Shadows' "Wonderful Land " hits No. 1.
APRIL: Anthony Newley and Leslie Bricusse take Ivor Novello awards for best stagemusical score (Stop The World.) and for Song of the Year What Kind Of Fool Am I " Tony Blackburn, 19-year-old son of a local doctor, to sing with Jan Ralfini's Band at the Pavilion, Bournemouth Jet Harris quits Shadows - Licorice Locking replaces.
MAY: Chubby Checker to start U.K. tour at the end of August Lined-up to follow: Bobby Darin, Dion, Del Shannon Black market in Frank Sinatra charity concert tickets Louis Armstrong presents Kenny Ball with his Gold Disc for million-selling " Midnight in Moscow " Acker Bilk's " Stranger On The Shore hits No. 1 in US charts - Acker booked for Russia Melody Maker readers castigate BBC ban on modern jazz in radio's Jazz Club.
JUNE: Frank Sinatra swings into Britain and conquers. " Those Reds were no squares," says Benny Goodman of his Moscow trip Helen Shapiro wins French pop poll as the most popular foreign singer,'' beating Petula Clark and Brenda Lee In male section, Cliff Richard was third to Elvis Presley and Ray Charles Maurice Winnick, former society bandleader turned impresario, dies aged 59 " I've never had my arrangements played so perfectly before," says Nelson Riddle of the augmented Ted Heath Orchestra on the Shirley Bassey- Hi-Lo's tour.
JULY: TV probes trad jazz scene in hour-long show. Ketty Lester definite - to join Everlys and Frank Ifield in three-week tour Eleven bands booked for floating jazzfest from Liverpool to Isle of Man in August Clyde Valley Stompers hit union trouble in Northern Ireland Stan Kenton arranger/trombonist Bill Russo, in London, wants to form a workshop orchestra Petula Clark in Munich to cut first disc in German Should a trad band have a piano? This controversial question threatens to split the booming trad world.
AUGUST: The famous George Shearing " sound " is to disappear when George re-forms his group after British tour. American television spectaculars clinched for Helen Shapiro Mrs Mills signs for 28-week BBC television series Russ Conway to sing as well as play in new radio series. Singer Dinah Kaye wins silver plate at Sopot International Song Festival Joe Henderson turns-down 5,000 contract offered by ABC-Television for third Sing Along With Joe series " The organ is in - nearly," says keyboard star Jimmy Smith Acker Bilk's " Stranger On The Shore " has sold 40,000 sheet music copies, and almost 2,000,000 records. " I want no part of the trad boom," says New Orleans stylist, Ken Colyer.
SEPTEMBER: Johnny Mathis signs for tour with Ted Heath Orchestra Chubby Checker flies in to London - to find labels warring over his record releases Agreement between Musicians Union and the Mecca organisation puts musicians into a revolutionary 27-per-week class for six afternoons and evenings Melody Maker books first transatlantic phone call by satellite Telstar - MU's Hardie Ratcliffe talks to AFM's Herman Kenin.
OCTOBER: Drummer Jerry Allison released by U.S. Air Force to tour U.K. with the Crickets New Dankworth Club opens in Oxford Street, London Brooks Bros fly to Rome for TV spectacular Anthony Newley triumphs in New York with Stop The World Freddy Cannon a big hit at Huddersfield opening Johnny Dankworth and Cleo Laine chosen for Royal Variety Performance, along with Rosemary Clooney, Frank Yield, Cliff Richard and the Shadows Doncaster opening for Little Richard a wow Susan Maughan in Melody Maker charts with " Bobby's Girl Tornados, chart-toppers with " Telstar," offered 10-day American tour.
NOVEMBER: Helen Shapiro a hit on Ed Sullivan's US television show - now wanted for recording in Nashville Ex-Shadows Jet Harris and Tony Meehan team up to record for Decca Film offers pouring in for Billy Fury Louis Jordan to sing here with the Chris Barber Band Springfields' Dear Hearts And Gen- tle People " in American Billboard's Top 100 Tornados record album in America Cootie Williams rejoins Duke Ellington for tour opening at Finsbury Park Astoria Tim Field quits Springfields - Mike Hurst replaces.
DECEMBER: Five-part ATV series for Tubby Hayes From Ronnie Scott's Club Bossa guitarist Charlie Byrd flies into London for 24-hour stay. Says Bossa Nova is Brazilian " Chris Barber Band mobbed by fans at Essen, Germany Susan Maughan records secret follow-up to " Bobby's Girl" Johnny Tillotson here for part in Just For Fun film That Was The Week That Was makes scathing attack on Norrie Paramor, recording manager of many stars. Most critics spring to his defence Johnny Mathis mauls British singers on Juke Box Jury Miles Davis wins trumpet section and is elected to the Hall Of Fame in Down Beat Poll British pressmen vote Frank Ifield's "I Remember You top disc of 1962.
???????? parents detest") are at No: 5 with "Not Fade Away" and will appear on Ed Sullivan's US TV show Salvation Army Joy Strings, with Capt. Joy Webb, in British chart with "It's An Open Secret." EMI's George Martin acknowledged as the hitmaker behind the beat stars Applejacks are first Birmingham group to have a chart hit with "Tell Me When" The Alberts (musical clowns) will appear in BBC-2's first programme when the channel opens John Lennon's book In His Own Write is published Billy J. Kramer tops the chart with " Little Children " - but for one week only as the Beatles' new release (sales approaching two million here, 1 million in States) goes straight to No. 1.
APRIL: Beatles' Tamla favourites - Little Stevie Wonder, Mary Wells, Martha and the Vandellas, Miracles, Contours all due in Britain Peter, Paul and Mary In London for TV, and concert Big star turnout for tribute to the late Michael Holliday show at the Prince of Wales Theatre Beatles hold top five places in Cashbox 'US chart Stones, still without a No. 1 hit, are second only to Beatles in mass popularity Ella Fitzgerald records Beatles' "Can't Buy Me Love" in -London Says Melody Maker's Rover: "Singer-guitarist Val Doonican very entertaining" and " Lulu sounds great on her debut record ' Shout' " A massive swing to R & B is the current topic Four Pennies hit chart with " Juliet."
MAY: Lawrence Wright, famous music publisher and impresario, and founder of Melody Maker, dies in Blackpool aged 76 U.K. tours lined-up for Frank Sinatra and Inez Foxx Rolling Stones' first LP passes the 170,000 sales mark Gerry and the Pacemakers given a Beatles-type build-up in the States Sonny Stitt jets into London for month at Ronnie Scott's Animals and singer Danny Williams to US - Americans Dionne Warwick, Diahann Carrolll and Tony- Orlando to UK. Bob Dylan entrances audience at Royal Festival Hall.
JUNE: Ella Fitzgerald and Tony- Bennett host New York party for twentieth birthday of Dave Clark's guitarist Lenny Davidson - who received 80 birthday cakes Tamla Motown label becoming very big America cold-shoulders the Stones but goes Dave Clark crazy Ted Heath's Vocalist-compere Paul Carpenter dies Roy Orbison at No. 2 with "it's Over" Stones record "It's All Over How" in Chicago.
JULY: Animals leap 18 places in chart to reach No. 1 with "House Of The Rising Sun" Peggy Lee records her twentieth LP for Capitol Saxophone star Eric Dolphy (36) dies in Berlin Gerry and the Pacemakers making Ferry Across The Mersey film Carnegie Hall considering a ban on all beat groups. Jack Jones attracts attention with his "Wives And Lovers" album Stones streak to top of Melody Maker chart with Chicago-recorded "It's All Over Now". Inez and Charlie Foxx take soul into Liverpool Cavern. Beatles' "A Hard Day's Right" goes to No. 1 in week of release with sales topping 600,000 America goes-wild for Peter & Gordon.
AUGUST: Jim Reeves killed in plane crash BBC Jazz Club to end after 17 years. Manfred Mann says: "We don't want a No. 1 hit" Stan Getz in chart with " Girl From Ipanema " 20-year-old Andrew Loog Oldham, man- ager of the Rolling Stones, announces his retirement from showbiz as Stones run into a riot at Blackpool. 200,000 advance sales for Cilia Black's " It's For You " written by Lennon/McCartney Dean Martin's " Everybody -Loves Somebody " pushes Beatles from No. 1 slot in US charts S. Radio Caroline steps up out-put of jazz and r&b.
SEPTEMBER: Ahmad Jamal Trio to make British debut at Melody Maker's Jazz Jamboree Rolling Stones start five-week, sell-out, tour of UK Brian Epstein's book A Cellar Full Of Noise a hit Kenny Ball's reception in Rumania like Beatlemania Herman's Hermits leaping up the chart with "I'm Into Something Good". Rolling Stones pip Beatles as top. Instrumental & Vocal Group in British section of Melody Maker Pop Poll - but Beatles reverse this in World section Kinks, at No. 1 with " You Really Got me," deny aping Stones. US President Johnson's daughter Lucy offered a recording contract by Tamla Motown Dionne Warwick Flies into London and will appear on Ready Steady Go!
OCTOBER: Supremes fly in for first British tour Screaming Lord Sutch (Independent) opposes Harold Wilson at Liverpool Huyton in General Election. , Gene Pitney records in London under super- vision of Andrew Oldham, Big 0 hits No. 1 again - this time with "Oh Pretty Woman". The late Jim Reeves has two singles in Melody Maker Top Twenty, three LPs in Top Ten and three best-selling EPs. Sandie Shaw roars in at No. 23 with "Always Something There To Remind Me" Beatles offended as Duke of Edinburgh reported to have said they were " on the wane." The Duke cabled that he said they "were away". Beatles opt out of Royal Variety Performance so as not to disapoint 4,000 fans in Belfast who had bought tickets to see them.
NOVEMBER: Reach Boys arrive. Marvin Gaye here. Ike and Tina Turner fly in. A Canadian mountain just outside Toronto is named after the Beatles. Lulu is 16. Supremes are only the second American act in two years to top the British chart - with " Baby Love ". Rosemary Squires leaves to settle in the US. Beatles claim 750,000 advance for " I Feel Fine " and Stones claim 500,000 for " Little Red Rooster," both released this month."1 wish I had been born coloured," says Dusty.
DECEMBER: Beatles' "I Feel Fine" goes straight into charts at No. 1 Elkie Brooks rocks the audience at Chatelet Theatre, Paris. Val Doonican suddenly has a hit "Walk Tall" at No. 9. Rolling Stones and Andrew Oldham in dispute with BBC. American promoters worried by signs that fans are cooling on British artists in the concert hall but radio stations still British-dominated Audience at Paris Olympia goes wild over the Bachelors. Dusty expelled from South Africa for refusing to play to segregated audiences.

1963

JANUARY: Acker Bilks show at Prince of Wales theatre is hilarious, despite poor business. Acker's "Stranger On The Shore" was America's top-selling single in 1962. Duke Ellington arrives for tour and TV. - Cliff Richard's Summer Holiday film an unqualified hit. Beatles to appear on ABC-TV's Thank Your Lucky Stars show. New wave of jazz innovators in US -- John Coltrane, Eric Dolphy, Ornette Cole-man, Charlie Mingus.
FEBRUARY: New team, Jet Harris, Frank Ifield, Frankie Vaughan, set for tour of one-nighters. Tornados' "Telstar" Gold Disc stolen from Edmonton Granada. Tony Meehan and Jet Harris plan permanent partnership. Australian singer Patsy Ann Noble joins Cliff and Shadows for six-week tour. Frank lfield's "The Wayward Wind" storming up the chart. Chris Barber (trad), Tubby Hayes (combo) and Johnny Dankworth (big band) are top leaders in Melody Maker Jazz Poll - and Tubby is also top vibist, tenorist and Musician of the Year. Beatles' "Please, Please Me" reaches No. 2 in chart.
MARCH: After 13 hits from 17 singles, Craig Douglas may never sing again following tonsil operation. Melody Maker's first Beatle headline as "Please, Please Me" hits No. 1 slot. Also radio series and tour with Karl Denver for the Mersey group., Chet Baker jailed for a month and recommended for deportation. at Marlborough Street Court, London. Phil Seamen (drums) joins Alexis Korner. Brian Poole and the Tremeloes, professional for only seven months, to tour US in exchange for Duane Eddy. Brook Benton beaten up in St, Louis club. Annie Ross to sing at this year's Edinburgh Festival. Patsy Cline killed in Tennessee plane crash. Ted Heath breaks all records at Marquee Club.
APRIL: Sammy Davis here and wants to record with Ted Heath. Gerry and Pacemakers hit No. 1 with debut dics "How Do You Do It". Buddy Holly roaring up the charts - four years after his death. Kingston Trio here for tour. Beatles' first LP "Please, Please Me" is released as the group's "From Me To You" single leaps into chart at No. 19. Hat King Cole to tour with the augmented Ted Heath Orchestra. New York digs Britain's Georgia Brown a hit on Broadway in Oliver. Acker Bilk nominated for US Grammy award.
MAY: Trumpet star Freddy Randall makes comeback after a five-year rest. Merseybeat takes over the chart with Beatles at No. 1, Gerry and the Pacemakers at No. 2, with The Big Three, Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas also in the chart. After seven years at the top, Elvis wants to abdicate to "lead the life of a normal human being" " Just Like Me "/" Hey What's Wrong With Me" first release by the Hollies hops into the Top 50. "If You've Gotta Make A Fool Of Somebody " by Freddie and the Dreamers leaps from 45 to 26 in Melody Maker chart. Big Beat contest held at Liverpool Philharmonic Hall - Escorts and Merseybeats among the winners. Swinging Blue Jeans to join Kenny Ball, Johnny Dankworth, Alex Welsh and Ronnie Scott to play for Festival Ball at Belle Vue, Manchester in June.
JUNE: Multi -instrumentalist. Roland Kirk to appear at Ronnie Scott's Club for a month. Liverpool folk group, the Spinners, sign three-year contract with Fontana. Manchester and Liverpool battle for Big Beat title. Rolf Harris signs for BBC-TV summer series with the Les Reed Orchestra. R & B group the Rolling Stones to join the Everly Bros. for September tour. Record prices rise to 6/8d for singles, 10/9d for EPs and 35/- to 37/6d for LPs. Sophie Tucker at the Talk of the Town " puts any teenage act to shame" says Melody Maker. Police guard for Hawaiian Eye's Connie Stevens at Palace Theatre, Manchester. Surfing music born on American beaches. Segregation reaches a crisis in southern states of America.
JULY: Midland groups complain that promoters will only boil, Liverpool outfits. Frank Ifield to star in British film. Top trad bands sign for BBC-TV series Beat Your Neighbour Searchers' "Sweets For My Sweet" in the chart. Controversial release "Christine" (Keeler?) by Miss X (Joyce Blair - sister of dancer Lionel) selling well Frank Ifield's " Confessin' " makes it a record four No. 1's in a row. Jet Harris hurt in car crash. EMI rush out Beatles EP which sells 150,000 in rive days.
AUGUST: 32 of the top fifty in Melody Maker chart are British. BBC's Tonight team tomake documentary on the Beatles, whose " She Loves You " isreleased. Billy J. Kramerhits No. 1 with "Bad To Me". Cloda Rogers to fly to US in November to star with Jim Reeves in Grand Ole Opry. First girl to be signed by Brian Epstein is 20-year-old Cilia Black. Peter, Paul and Mary emerge as big names in States.
SEPTEMBER: Swinging Blue Jeans first Liverpool group to net own Radio Luxemburg series. Beatles voted top vocal group and vocal disc or the year ("From Me To You") in Melody Maker poll, with Cliff Richard top male singer, and Susan Maughan top female. Gerry and Pacemakers set for Babes In The Wood pantomime. "Acoustic guitars must come back," says Chet Atkins. Del Shannon replaces Duane Eddy on Gerry and Pacemakers-Jet Harris/Tony Meehan tour which features new Liverpool singer Cilia Black. Springfields breaking up at peak of their career. Bruce Welch quits Shadows due to ill-health.
OCTOBER: Beatles debut on Sunday Night At The London Palladium. Bachelors to stick to money-spinning ballads. Ray Nance quits the Duke Ellington Orchestra. Beatles' ''She Loves You" holds the No. 1 spot for a month. "The peak (of the beat boom) is still to come," says Tremeloes' Brian Poole. Ray Charles is to make a film in Britain. Trini Lopez here in a package which includes Brook Benton Dion, Lesley Gore and Timi Yuro. Crystals to tour here with Joe Brown. Chris Barber's Jazzband first British group to play Finland. Beatle fever sweeps Britain. All current concert dates sold out and now they're given a spot in Royal Variety Performance.
NOVEMBER: Hopes of tour by new Woody Herman Herd. Gerry Marsden at No. 1 in chart with " You'll Never Walk Alone''. Bruce Welch is staying with the Shadows -- so is Hank Marvin -- but licorice Locking is leaving. "I want more time for my religious activities," says the Jehovah's Witness after 18 months with the Shads. Dusty Springfield all set for her solo TV-radio-concert debut. Rolling Stones' "Come On" at No. 43 in charts. Michael Holliday dies at 34 Beatles' " She Loves You " returns to No. 1.
DECEMBER: Beatles dominate the news as (million-seller) " I Want To Hold Your Hand" displaces (million-seller) " She Loves You " at No. 1, EPs ''Twist And Shout" (No. 11), " Beatles Hits " (17), " Beatles No. 1" (19), plus two albums at Nos. 1 & 2 in the LP chart. Dave Clark Five in Top Twenty: " We won't turn pro until we have two discs in the top five," says Dave. Shirley Bassey back in action after birth of a daughter sparks long queues, police supervision, 1,000 tickets sold in first half-hour at Capitol Theatre, Cardiff. The stage of Liverpool Cavern on which the Beatles first performed, being sold in pieces as souvenirs. American 12-year-old singer-instru- mentalist Little Stevie Wonder is to visit London after Christmas. Kenny Ball's "Golden Hits " LP has been in chart for 10 months. The Singing Nun's "Dominique" chart hit baffles pop experts. Dinah Washington (39) dies suddenly in Detroit.

1964

JANUARY: Beatles kick off 1974 J by winning the Melody Maker Press Awards (voted for by Britain's showbiz writers) for the. 1963 top single "From Me To You," and top LP " Please, Please Me." Beatlemania now taking off in America. Twenty Beatle wigs exported to Paris for store displays. American Billboard rates Cliff Richard world's top recording artist of 1963 (based on the year's charts) with Elvis Presley 2nd, Shadows 3rd - Britain holding eight of the top 15 places. Dave Clark Five break Beatles' sixweek grip On the No, 1 chart spot with " Glad All Over," Bookings pile up for Dusty Springfield, whose ''I Only Want To Be With You " is in Billboard's Hot 100.
FEBRUARY: Stan Kenton says: "Jazz is finished" Animals draw three times the usual Thursday crowd at Jazzshows' first R & B night. Beatles prepare for U.S. debut at Washington Coliseum, followed by New York's Carnegie Hall, with five records in the chart. Searchers' "Needles and Pins" No. 1 in Britain. Tubby Hayes again Musician of the Year in Melody Maker Jazz Poll with pianist Brian Auger as fastest-rising star. Matt Monro will sing Tony Hatch's "I Love The Little Things You Do " in Eurovision Song Contest. Cry- stals blast Cilia Black for covering Dionne Warwick's "Anyone Who Has A Heart," which hits No. 1 the next week. Tubby Hayes deps for Paul Gonsalves as Duke Ellington opens tour at Royal Festival Hall.
MARCH: Beatles' "Can't Buy Me Love" has 600,000 ad- vance three weeks before release date. The Rolling Stones (tagged "the ugliest group in Britain - the group parents detest") are at No: 5 with "Not Fade Away" and will appear on Ed Sullivan's US TV show Salvation Army Joy Strings, with Capt. Joy Webb, in British chart with "It's An Open Secret." EMI's George Martin acknowledged as the hitmaker behind the beat stars Applejacks are first Birmingham group to have a chart hit with "Tell Me When" The Alberts (musical clowns) will appear in BBC-2's first programme when the channel opens John Lennon's book In His Own Write is published Billy J. Kramer tops the chart with " Little Children " - but for one week only as the Beatles' new release (sales approaching two million here, 1 million in States) goes straight to No. 1.
APRIL: Beatles' Tamla favourites - Little Stevie Wonder, Mary Wells, Martha and the Vandellas, Miracles, Contours all due in Britain Peter, Paul and Mary In London for TV, and concert Big star turnout for tribute to the late Michael Holliday show at the Prince of Wales Theatre Beatles hold top five places in Cashbox 'US chart Stones, still without a No. 1 hit, are second only to Beatles in mass popularity Ella Fitzgerald records Beatles' "Can't Buy Me Love" in -London Says Melody Maker's Rover: "Singer-guitarist Val Doonican very entertaining" and " Lulu sounds great on her debut record ' Shout' " A massive swing to R & B is the current topic Four Pennies hit chart with " Juliet."
MAY: Lawrence Wright, famous music publisher and impresario, and founder of Melody Maker, dies in Blackpool aged 76 U.K. tours lined-up for Frank Sinatra and Inez Foxx Rolling Stones' first LP passes the 170,000 sales mark Gerry and the Pacemakers given a Beatles-type build-up in the States Sonny Stitt jets into London for month at Ronnie Scott's Animals and singer Danny Williams to US - Americans Dionne Warwick, Diahann Carrolll and Tony- Orlando to UK. Bob Dylan entrances audience at Royal Festival Hall.
JUNE: Ella Fitzgerald and Tony- Bennett host New York party for twentieth birthday of Dave Clark's guitarist Lenny Davidson - who received 80 birthday cakes Tamla Motown label becoming very big America cold-shoulders the Stones but goes Dave Clark crazy Ted Heath's Vocalist-compere Paul Carpenter dies Roy Orbison at No. 2 with "it's Over" Stones record "It's All Over How" in Chicago.
JULY: Animals leap 18 places in chart to reach No. 1 with "House Of The Rising Sun" Peggy Lee records her twentieth LP for Capitol Saxophone star Eric Dolphy (36) dies in Berlin Gerry and the Pacemakers making Ferry Across The Mersey film Carnegie Hall considering a ban on all beat groups. Jack Jones attracts attention with his "Wives And Lovers" album Stones streak to top of Melody Maker chart with Chicago-recorded "It's All Over Now". Inez and Charlie Foxx take soul into Liverpool Cavern. Beatles' "A Hard Day's Right" goes to No. 1 in week of release with sales topping 600,000 America goes-wild for Peter & Gordon.
AUGUST: Jim Reeves killed in plane crash BBC Jazz Club to end after 17 years. Manfred Mann says: "We don't want a No. 1 hit" Stan Getz in chart with " Girl From Ipanema " 20-year-old Andrew Loog Oldham, man- ager of the Rolling Stones, announces his retirement from showbiz as Stones run into a riot at Blackpool. 200,000 advance sales for Cilia Black's " It's For You " written by Lennon/McCartney Dean Martin's " Everybody -Loves Somebody " pushes Beatles from No. 1 slot in US charts S. Radio Caroline steps up out-put of jazz and r&b.
SEPTEMBER: Ahmad Jamal Trio to make British debut at Melody Maker's Jazz Jamboree Rolling Stones start five-week, sell-out, tour of UK Brian Epstein's book A Cellar Full Of Noise a hit Kenny Ball's reception in Rumania like Beatlemania Herman's Hermits leaping up the chart with "I'm Into Something Good". Rolling Stones pip Beatles as top. Instrumental & Vocal Group in British section of Melody Maker Pop Poll - but Beatles reverse this in World section Kinks, at No. 1 with " You Really Got me," deny aping Stones. US President Johnson's daughter Lucy offered a recording contract by Tamla Motown Dionne Warwick Flies into London and will appear on Ready Steady Go!
OCTOBER: Supremes fly in for first British tour Screaming Lord Sutch (Independent) opposes Harold Wilson at Liverpool Huyton in General Election. , Gene Pitney records in London under super- vision of Andrew Oldham, Big 0 hits No. 1 again - this time with "Oh Pretty Woman". The late Jim Reeves has two singles in Melody Maker Top Twenty, three LPs in Top Ten and three best-selling EPs. Sandie Shaw roars in at No. 23 with "Always Something There To Remind Me" Beatles offended as Duke of Edinburgh reported to have said they were " on the wane." The Duke cabled that he said they "were away". Beatles opt out of Royal Variety Performance so as not to disapoint 4,000 fans in Belfast who had bought tickets to see them.
NOVEMBER: Reach Boys arrive. Marvin Gaye here. Ike and Tina Turner fly in. A Canadian mountain just outside Toronto is named after the Beatles. Lulu is 16. Supremes are only the second American act in two years to top the British chart - with " Baby Love ". Rosemary Squires leaves to settle in the US. Beatles claim 750,000 advance for " I Feel Fine " and Stones claim 500,000 for " Little Red Rooster," both released this month."1 wish I had been born coloured," says Dusty.
DECEMBER: Beatles' "I Feel Fine" goes straight into charts at No. 1 Elkie Brooks rocks the audience at Chatelet Theatre, Paris. Val Doonican suddenly has a hit "Walk Tall" at No. 9. Rolling Stones and Andrew Oldham in dispute with BBC. American promoters worried by signs that fans are cooling on British artists in the concert hall but radio stations still British-dominated Audience at Paris Olympia goes wild over the Bachelors. Dusty expelled from South Africa for refusing to play to segregated audiences.

1965

JANUARY: Beatles celebrate the New 'Year with "I Feel Fine" still at No. 1, for the filth successive week, challenged by Petula Clark, the Bachelors, P. J. Proby and Georgie Fame Sounds Orchestral's 'Cast Your Fate To The Wind' is a gas - The Seekers could easily make it," says the Rover Bachelors announce intention of purchasing Radio Invicta, the Thames Estuary pirate Mercer Ellington joins Duke's trumpet section Georgie Fame's "Yeah, Yeah" hits No. I Beatles world champs in Melody Maker Writers' Poll.
FEBRUARY: P. J. Proby banned as "obscene" by Rank and ABC circuits -- for splitting pants on stage Legendary Jack Hylton dies aged 72 Kinks' "Tired Of Waiting For You" at No. 1 Proby replaced on tour with Cilia Black by Welsh singer Tom Jones Pop folk breakthrough as seekers reach No. 1 with "I'll Never Find Another You" Nat King Cole dies in Hollywood Spectacular leap from 40 to 18 by Tom Jones with "It's Not Unusual", then to No. 3, then No. 1 Ringo marries Maureen Cox Tubby Hayes again Musician of the Year in Melody Maker Jazz Poll Tony Bennett signs trumpet star Bobby Hackett to join the Ralph Sharon Trio.
MARCH: Searchers turn down 50,000 U.S. offer. "Not enough money," says agent Tito Burns Tamla stars fly in, Georgie Fame joins them for tour Wayne Fontana's "Game Of Love" is Pick of the Week in American Cashbox and Billboard Melody Maker campaigns for Beatles to be honoured for services to export drive Ben Webster wants to settle here Thelonious Monk here for tour Stones roll from 17 to No. 1 with "The Last Time" Eric Clayton leaves Yard birds. "They're going too commercial," he says Walker Brothers arrive from US Bob Dylan's first single released Trombonist Tyree Glenn joins Satchmo. Bop pioneer Tadd Dameron dies.
APRIL: Donovan at No, 5, Bo-b Dylan at 13 Cliff Richard has his first No. 1 in two years with Nashville-recorded " The Minute You're Gone" Beatles and Pet Clark win American Grammys Freddie and the Dreamers and Herman's Hermits battling it out in U.S. charts - Glen Campbell deputises for Brian Wilson in Beach Boys.
MAY: Jackie Trent has first record hit as "Where Are You Now" jumps from 24 to 10 Bandleader Spike Jones dies Ernestine Anderson replaces Jimmy Witherspoon at Annie's Room Help! is finally decided as title of the Beatles' new film French singer Francoise Hardy moving up the chart Louis Armstrong, Dizzy Gillespie, Roy Eldridge, Miles Davis, Harry James, Red Allen, Bobby Hacked, Rex Stewart, Clark Terry and- Maynard Ferguson in Tribute To The Trumpet at Monterey Jazzfest Alan Price leaves the Animals DJ Simon Dee leaves Radio Caroline to freelance Christ- opher Stone, Britain's first-ever DJ dies, aged 82.
JUNE: Burt Bacharach flies into London as his hit disc "Trains And Boats And Planes" reaches No. 4. Josh White arrives for concerts. A new group being tipped - the Who, four mods from Shepherds Bush. Kenny Lynch wins British Song Festival at Brighton Beatles awarded MBE, Frankie Vaughan OBE. John Lennon's second book Spaniard in The Works is published.
JULY: Five songs from Brighton's British Song Festival in Top 50. Hollies enjoying first No. 1 hit with "1'm Alive". Tony Jackson rejoins Searchers for 200th edition of Thank Your Lucky Stars. Doris Troy to stay in Britain. Count Basic and Tony Bennett gross 62,000 dollars in one week at Melodyland, Hollywood. On chart placings, Seekers are the most popular stars for the first six months of 1965 Famous trumpet star Red Nichols dies Donovan's first single "Catch The Wind" in US Top 20. Byrds at No. 1 with "Mr. Tambourine Man''. Animals at the Marquee - 900 turned away Beatles' "Help" straight to No, 1.
AUGUST: Byrds served with seven writs by British Birds on arrival at London Airport. Billy Fury writing a book on birds - feathered variety. Beatles show at 55,000-seater Shea Stadium, New York (already sold out) o be filmed for Christmas TV. Radio London signs new DJ -- six-foot bassist Ed Stewart. Sonny and Cher here as "I Got You Babe" leaps into Top 50 with Walker Bros' "Make It Easy on Yourself."
SEPTEMBER: Pop protest is really here as songs with a message become a regular feature of Top 50. Sonny and Cher have four records in Top 50 - one each solo, two as a duo. Raver column pictures 14-year-old Preachers guitarist Peter Frampton, then still at Bromley Grammar School. Beatles grossed one million dollars on latest US tour despite under-capacity houses at some dates. Singer Dave Berry knocked out by "live" mike at Bristol.
OCTOBER: Protest begins to pall - "Well, the songs are all getting a bit silly, aren't they?" says Paul McCartney. Basic here - offers British saxist Tony Coe a job. Hollies back from US raving about Hose Allison. Bluesman T-Bone Walker arrives for tour. Bob Wallis leaves Monty Sunshine and re-forms Storyville Jazzmen. Jazz Jamboree to be Big Band Bonanza. Four records in Top 50 again for Sonny & Cher.
NOVEMBER: Rolling Stones at No. 1 here and in US with "Get Off My Cloud". Willie "The Lion" Smith roars in for tour. Alto-leader Earl Bostic dies. Offers pour in for American folk singer Julie Felix after two appearances on ITV's Eamonn Andrews Show. Jonathan King refused entry into US. Who deny split. Seekers topple Stones, taking over No. 1 spot with " Carnival Is Over."
DECEMBER: Two 1966 UK tours planned for Brenda Lee. Paul and Barry Ryan, twin sons of Marion, climbing with "Don't Bring Me Your Heartaches". Searchers to leave for six-week, round the world tour. Dutch Swing College here for tour Twenty years since first Ted Heath Swing Session. Beatles and Ken Dodd only artists to sell a million in 1965 Herman tops Beatles as best-seller of singles in America.

1966

JANUARY: Rolling Stones sign five year deal with Decca, which guarantees them 1 million Pinkerton's Colours and Grachan Moncur III hailed as New faces of '66 Roger Daltrey calls Phil Ochs " The Dagenham Girl Pipers " in Blind Date John Coltrane's " A Love Supreme " hailed as Melody Maker Album Of The Year Keep On Running " by Spencer Davis Group hits No. 1 and topples Beatles John Lennon says " No more punch-ups. It all happened at 18 '' Frank Sinatra celebrates 25 years in showbiz Stevie Wonder hits in US with '' Uptight (Everything's Alright)" and the 15 year old singer plays at London's In Place disco.
FEBRUARY: Elvin Jones deps for Sam Woodyard in the Duke Ellington drum chair for European tour Overlanders top chart with 'Michelle", one of many Beatle "covers" Len Barry and Gene Pitney tour UK Who withdraw new single "Circles" and replace it with "Substitute" Chris Farlowe gets first hit with "Think" by Jagger-Richard. Melody Maker contest winners St. Louis Union hit chart with "Girl". David Bowie releases "Can't Help Thinking About Me" Musicians' Union seek ban on TV miming.
MARCH: Staff Sgt. Barry Sadler hits with "The Ballad Of The Green Berets" Melody Maker's Chris Welch picks Eric Clapton, Ginger Baker and Steve Winwood to form ''Groups' Group" Current London club attractions include Spencer Davis Group, Graham Bond, Tony Knight's Chessmen, Mark Leeman 5, Jimmy James and the Vagabonds, Gary Farr and the T-Bones, Zoot Money, and Steam Packet Two Who records released simultaneously: "Substitute" by Polydor and "It's A Legal Matter Baby" by Decca Small Faces' fans riot at Ideal Home Exhibition James Brown and the Famous Flames perform on Ready, Steady Go, "I scream in the right key," says Brown Paul Butterfield's Blues Band making waves Sonny Rollins and Ornette Coleman Trio blowing at Ronnie Scott's Club I'm strictly a loner - I don't have any friends,'' says Scott Walker, new pop idol.
APRIL: Spencer Davis Group get second No 1 with ''Somebody Help Me" Mick Jagger hospitalised after chair is thrown by rioting French fans Bonzo Dog Doodah Band introduced by Melody Maker Georgic Fame plays Marquee with Harry South Orchestra Dusty Springfield hits with "You Don't Have To Say You Love Me " Dolly's Club in place for Brian Jones, Mick Jagger and Georgic Fame Bob Dylan arrives for British tour with The Group Yardbirds "change image."
MAY: Bob Dylan's "Rainy Day Women Numbers 12 And 35" labelled a "drug song'' by US radio station. Dylan tells Melody Maker: "I'm a purist folk singer, no more and no less," and adds: "All my songs are protest songs. You name it and I'll protest about it." Shouts of "folk phoney" when he plays Birmingham Odeon Pete Townshend and Keith Moon involved in "incident" on stage at the Ricky Tick Club. Keith has bruised eye and stitches in leg. "If it happens again, I'm leaving. Who needs it?" says Moon Rolling Stones' "Paint It Black" tops chart Indian sitar suddenly popular with rock bands.
JUNE: Frank Sinatra tops chart with "Strangers In The Night" Donovan stages a "comeback" Bob Dylan says he won't appear in Britain again after being booed at Royal Albert Hall Melody Maker exclusively reveals formation of "Groups' Group'' featuring Eric Clapton, Ginger Baker and Jack Bruce Roy C tours, playing "Shotgun Wedding" Mamas and Papas fly into Britain for surprise visit Beatlemania again,, as "Paperback Writer" tops chart Len Barry blasts Beatles and Stones: "They don't perform they just stand there" Manfred Mann "bored" with rumours of Paul Jones quitting his group.
JULY: Jimmy Page replaces Paul Samwell-Smith in Yardbirds - on bass guitar. Bruce-Clapton-Baker group to be called Cream and announce debut at Windsor Festival Jon Hiseman replaces Baker in Graham Bond Group New Orleans banjoist Johnny St. Cyr dies in Los Angeles Paul Jones splits with Manfred Mann Georgic Fame No. 1 with "Getaway." His cohort in the Rik Gunnell empire, Chris Farlowe, gets first major hit hit with "Out Of Time," which was to repeat its performance in 1975 Lord Hill claims group's name "Creation" is "blasphemous." Says manager Tony Stratton-Smith: I chose the name and don't think it irreligious. I have written a religious biography, The Rebel Nun, which received favourable reviews from a number of bishops" Spencer Davis Group start filming The Ghost Goes Gear Albert Ayler and John Coltrane quintets eagerly anticipated for Bri- tish visits. Troggs hit back with " A Girl Like You " Charles Lloyd Quartet hit of Antibes festival Eric Clapton announces he is "absolutely and completely knocked out" with Beach Boys' "Pet Sounds," hailed as "the most progressive album ever."
AUGUST: Beatles release "Eleanor Rigby" and "Yellow Submarine," double A side Government plans tough measures against pirate radio stations. Stations say "it will never be passed through parliament" The Who smash footlights, kick over amps, break guitars, demolish drums and throw buckets of water over audience at Windsor Pop Festival Eric Burdon says he wants to quit the Animals Beatles fly to States - to face outcry over John Lennon's remarks about Christianity. Anti-Beatles feeling whipped up by Ku Klux Klan Death of jazz pioneer pianist Bud Powell Dubliners thrilling the folk world with their success Georgia radio station burns all its Beatles records in protest against John Lennon's "We're more popular than Jesus," remark Buddy Rich wows Las Vegas with new big band Small Faces top chart with "All Or Nothing." Ronnie Scott re-opens ''The Old Place," a club for the avant garde.
SEPTEMBER: Melody Maker celebrates annual pop poll awards with party at GPO Tower. London. Dusty Springfield throws a cake at waiter and fronts the Daily Mirror Beatles, Tom Jones, Troggs top Melody Maker poll. Eric Clapton fifth in guitar section, Hank Marvin top John Lennon makes solo film debut in How I Won The War Georgie Fame breaks up the Blue Flames after six years Animals split.
OCTOBER: Who plan "smash-up" show for Ready, Steady Go Rolling Stones tour Britain with Ike & Tina Turner Stan Tracey quits Ronnie Scott Club as resident pianist "Psychedelic" is hailed as new " in " ward. ''It's trying to create an LSD session without the use of drugs," explains Graham Hash, "who attended psychedelic pop sessions in the States recently". Melody Maker picks Association, Left Banke, Love, and Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention, among new wave - and the Monkees. Herman says the Buffalo Springfield are going to be big, "It's all freak-out music," he reports from the West Coast.
NOVEMBER: Scott Walter reveals to Melody Maker "I want to go into a monastery". "British pop is finished," say Yardbirds, adding "Our music was the first psychedelic music to be heard two years ago'' Cream play East Ham town hall. Admission 6s. 6d. The Crazy World of Arthur Brown support the Herd at Marquee Club. Beach Boys top chart with "Good Vibrations," toppling the Four Tops' "Reach Out, I'll Be There" David Bowie and The Buzz with the Bowie Showboat entertain on Sunday sessions at the Marquee. The Original Coasters attraction at London's new Tiles Club Dusty Springfield slams Buddy Rich for delaying her club entrance over two hours. Says: "Mr. Rich is a little difficult to get on with." Buddy "announces first tour of Britain. Ready, Steady Go dropped by ITV. London's "in" clubs go psychedelic. Rolling Stones' business manager Allan Klein claims he has been approached to manage "two of the Beatles."
DECEMBER: Tom Jones tops chart with "Green Green Grass Of Home". Fans force Scott Walker to quit monastery on Isle of Wight. Zoot Money ejected from Tower of London after posing for pictures on execution block , Stones' feature film Only Lovers Left Alive shelved. Drummer Louis Bellson tours Britain. Jimmy Page denies he and Jeff Beck are to quit Yardbirds. Riots at German Dave Dee concerts Rumours sweep America that Mick Jagger is dead. Jeff Beck quits Yardbirds. Jimi Hendrix first signing to Track Records. First release is "Hey Joe ". Giant Freak Out Ball at the Roundhouse features Who, Move, Pink Floyd "Come and watch the pretty lights with Suzie Creamcheese," says ad, which explains: "participants are freed from national social slavery."

1967

JANUARY: Melody Maker says " Don't Knock Pop! " in front page headline, decrying the threat to commercial " pirate " radio, and newspaper campaigns against pop. Move chop up car at London's Roundhouse. Jazz saxist Ben Webster settles in Europe. Beatles record " Strawberry Fields Forever " , Monkees hit No. 5 with " I'm A Believer ". Stones release " Let's Spend The Night Together". Roland Kirk reigns at Ronnie Scott's Club. Lionel Hampton entertains troops in Vietnam " We've gone stale," say Yardbirds. Says Jimi Hendrix " After China takes over the whole world, then the whole world will know why America's trying so hard in Vietnam."
FEBRUARY: Jimi Hendrix hailed as " the newest name in pop excitement! " as he overtakes Rolling Stones in the chart with his first record " Hey Joe." Says manager Chas Chandler: " Everything has happened as I believed". Move turn down offer to play in Birmingham Cathedral after plan to chop up effigy of the devil is rejected by Bishop. Says Stones drummer Charlie Watts: " I'm not really bored, I've just got an incredibly boring face". Say the Move: " You don't think we're going to spend our lives chopping up TV sets " Monkees don't play on their hits," scandal ex- posed. Ivy League, Peter and Gordon split up. Ralph Dollimore fronts Ted Heath band. Beatles nominated for eight Grammy awards for " Eleanor Rigby," " Michelle," " Revolver," and the album's cover. Jazz cornettist Muggsy Spanier dies in California, clarinettist Ed Hall dies in Massachusetts. Engelbert Humperdinck gets first number one hit with " Release Me," after changing name from Gerry Dorsey.
MARCH: Melody Maker exclusively reveals Stevie Winwood's departure from the Spencer Davis Group. "Strawberry Fields Forever " / " Penny Lane," No. 1. Cat Stevens follows " Matthew And Son " with " I'm Gonna Get Me A Gun". Mothers Of Invention release " Freak Out! " album, Love " Da Cape " Jeff Beck drops out of tour with Small Faces and Roy Orbison after opening night at Finsbury Park Astoria. His lead singer is Rod Stewart who says: "We shouldn't have gone on tour without enough rehearsal". John Mayall Bluesbreakers release " A Hard Road," with Peter Green replacing Eric Clapton Raver hails new group John's Children, featuring Marc Bolan. Melody Maker slashes Pop 50 to Pop 30 chart to beat " chart fiddling". Teddy Boys riot at London Fats Domino concert. Jimi Hendrix told to " clean up " his act on British tour. Frank and Nancy Sinatra hit with " Something Stupid."
APRIL: Pink Floyd play Roundhouse all-nighter with light show. Tickets five shillings. Jimi Hendrix says: " I can't sing ". Jazz clarinettist Buster Bailey dies. Cream and Who play Murray the K show in New York, which ends with cast swimming around in flour, eggs and water in their dressing rooms. One week's London club attractions include Jimi Hendrix, John Mayall, the Herd. and Buck Clayton. 14-Hour Technicolour Dream held at Alex- andra Palace with 30 top groups. Spencer Davis launches new group. Sandie Shaw hits with " Puppet On A String ". Buddy Rich holds first London drum clinic. Sonny Rollins plays season at Ronnie Scott's Club.
MAY: Georgic Fame sings with Count Basic Band at Royal Albert Hall, London. Ex-Manfred Mann singer Paul Jones stars in film Privilege. Bob Dylan records again after road accident. Stevie Winwood launches new group, Traffic. Walker Brothers confirm split. Tomorrow release underground hit " My White Bicycle ". Doors' first album released featuring " Light My Fire ". Move hit with " I Can Hear The Grass Grow ". Jimi Hendrix huge success at London's Saville Theatre, operated by Beatles' manager Brian Epstein. Pink Floyd complete first album. " Are You Experienced? " album released. Crazy World of Arthur Brown emerge. BBC ban " A Day In The Life " on Beatles' " Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band " album. Bee Gees hailed as " Five Australians with a bright future."
JUNE: Peter Green quits Bluesbreakers. Miles Davis releases " Miles Smiles " album. Procol Harum hit number one with " A Whiter Shade Of Pale ". Monterey pop, Festival is organised by Andrew Oldham, Papa John Phillips, Lou Adler and Paul Simon. Line-up includes Association, Buffalo Springfield, Grateful Dead, Simon & Garfunkel, Jimi Hendrix Experience, Jefferson Airplane, Big Brother and the Holding Company and the Who Bee Gees follow up " New York Mining Disaster " with " To Love Somebody " Pianist and composer Billy Strayhorn dies London's hippie homes are UFO, Happening '44 and Electric Garden. Charles Lloyd Quartet with Keith Jarrett on piano plays London concerts Janis Ian releases " Society's Child " - aged 16.
JULY: Zal Yanovsky quits Lovin' Spoonful Norman Granz says he will " never again " present Jazz At The Philharmonic. " It just wasn't worth all the grief, aggravation and problems " Soul singer P. P. Arnold Plays London clubs backed by new group, the Nice, with Keith Emerson on organ Paul McCartney announces he has taken LSD. Mick Jagger sentenced to three months' imprisonment for possession of four pep pills. Melody Maker front-page a protest and joins forces with The Times in demanding his freedom Jimi Hendrix joins Monkees -on American tour Beatles release " All You Need Is Love " Who release two Stones songs in tribute to Dagger, " Under My Thumb " and The Last Time ". " All You Need Is Love" goes straight into Melody Maker chart at No. 3, same week as Scott McKenzie's "San Francisco " enters at 26 Tenorist John Coltrane dies in New York, aged 40 Jimi Hendrix dropped from US Monkees tour after alleged ban Paul Desmond will quit Dave Brubeck Quartet after 17 years Drummer Jon Hiseman quits Graham Bond Organisation after a year to join Georgic Fame Band, and marries multi-instrumentalist Barbara Thompson.
AUGUST: Zoot Money's Big Roll Band splits up and reforms as Dantalion's Chariot. Over 1,000 attend John Coltrane funeral in Manhattan, while Albert Ayler and Ornette Coleman Quartets play at the service. London court of appeal quashes drugs conviction against Mick Jagger and Keith Richard Rawer describes International Love-in at Alexandra Palace as Boot-In " after local thugs beat up hippies Eric Burdon turns on to flower power Rolling Stones rush-release " We Love You " British pirate radio ships scuttled by new Government law Composer/singer Syd Barrett collapses from exhaustion and Pink Floyd drop out of 7th National Jazz & Blues Festival at Windsor The Nice make sensational debut at the festival Kinks, Small Faces, Bee Gees, Alan Price, Jeff Beck among acts at three-day "Festival Of Flower Children " at Woburn Abbey George Harrison tells how Beatles were spiked with LSD Beatles manager Brian Epstein dies. Beatles return from trip to Bangor, North Wales, where they had met Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.
SEPTEMBER: Engelbert Humperdinck No. 1 with "The Last Waltz." Current chart hits are " Itchycoo Park" (Small Faces), " 007 " (Desmond Dekker) Let's Go To San Francisco " (Flower Pot Men) London's Flamingo Club, home of R&B, goes " hippie " and features new Eric Burdon band playing " San Franciscan Nights " Beatles begin four day Magical Mystery Tour by coach in South West England, which is filmed Georgic Fame, Tubby Hayes and Harry South Band play at London's Saville Theatre London hippies roam streets and clubs in kaftans and beads. Pot smoking rife. Flower power and psychedelic reach new heights Singer P. P. Arnold splits from the Nice. The band go solo as drummer Brian Davison joins Melody Maker features " Magnificent Seven " guitarists - Eric Clapton, Jimi Hendrix Pete Townshend, Jeff Beck, Jimmy Page, Stevie Winwood and Peter Green Cornettist Rex Stewart dies in Los Angeles BBC answer to pop pirates, Radio One, launched Mothers Of invention arrive in London for concert at Royal Albert Hall with London Philharmonic Orchestra Trumpeter Sidney de Paris dies in New York.
OCTOBER: Press Council reject complaint made against Melody Maker feature California Dreamin t at it encouraged drug taking Jazz violinist Stuff Smith dies in Munich Herd get first hit with " From The Underworld " Keith Emerson described by Arthur Brown as the Jimi Hendrix of the organ Fairport Convention, Tomorrow, Incredible String Band and Pink Floyd play Sunday concert at London's Saville Theatre Vanilla Fudge tour Britain with Traffic and Tomor ************ There's a line missing on the Melody Maker page **************** ed on arrival in Britain, charged with stealing two blankets and keys from a London hotel earlier in year. Harold Davison presents " Jazz Expo '67 " concerts throughout Britain featuring Dave Brubeck, Max Roach, Roland Kirk, Charles Lloyd, Thelonious Monk Orchestra, Miles Davis, Archie Shepp, Stan Getz and Oscar Peterson. Mamas And Papas' Royal Albert Hall concert cancelled - Mama Cass says group has split up Ten Years After drawing "huge crowds " to the Marquee Who Killed Flower Power," asks Melody Maker as hippie clubs close.
NOVEMBER: Archie Shepp, US jazz star, booed at Expo '67 concert at Hammersmith Odeon Rolling Stones' Brian Jones sentenced to nine months' imprisonment for possessing cannabis. He appeals Who, Herd, Tremeloes, Traffic tour opens with punch ups on stage Time magazine says Cream are biggest musical jolt from England since the Beatles Marquee Club's weekly bill includes the Nice, Herd, Traffic and Ten Years After Jazz fans walk out on Charles Lloyd Quartet at Jazz Expo Rolling Stones release ' Their Satanic Majesties Request " album - Foundations hit with " Baby Now That I've Found You" Long John Baldry hits top with " Let The Heartaches Begin ". Jimi Hendrix the Nice, Move, Amen Corner, and Pink. Floyd start British tour at Royal Albert Hall and deafen reviewers Melody Maker spotlights new American groups. Sopwith Camel, Moby Grape, Buffalo Springfield, Doors Velvet Underground, Country Joe and the Fish, Grateful Dead and Clear Light.
DECEMBER: " Flower Power Is Dead," says Graham Nosh on Melody Maker front page Bee Gees plan tour with 60 piece orchestra BBC TV drays Juke Box Jury Eric Burdon and Animals release " Winds Of Change " album. Electric Prunes play London's Middle Earth I want to get out of pop," says Scott Walker as he goes solo. Soul singer Otis Redding killed in plane crash Brian Jones' jail sentence quashed and he is fined 1,000 London's Tiles. club closes Dave Mason quits Traffic " I call upon every youth to stop the use of drugs," says Donovan.

1968

JANUARY: Diana Ross and Supremes play London's Talk Of The Town Captain Beefheart's " Safe As Milk " album released National TV critics pan Beatles' Magical Mystery Tour film shown at Christmas Mike Bloomfield completes first Electric Flag album " Magical Mystery Tour " EP No 4. Manfred Mann releases " Mighty Quinn " single Georgic Fame hits top with " Ballad Of Bonnie And Clyde " New group Love Affair hit with " Everlasting Love " Bob Dylan makes triumphant comeback concert at New York's Carnegie Hall in tribute to Woody Guthrie his first major appearance since a motorcycle accident in 1966 Guitarist Dave Gilmour joins Pink Floyd.
FEBRUARY: Peter Frampton and Scott Walker hailed as the Faces of '68 Busker Don Partridge hits with " Rosie " Jazzman Ronnie Scott records with the Beatles on " Lady Madonna" Georgic Fame breaks up his band Beach Boys plan tour with the Maharishi. National press controversy over " who played what " on Love Affair single " Everlasting Love ". " Our act is disgusting " say the Move Status Quo hit with " Pictures " Of Matchstick Men," and try to find follow up Julie Driscoll emerges as " Brightest Hope For '68 ". Ban on " ghost " recordings discussed by Musicians Union Humphrey Lyttelton celebrates 20th anniversary as band leader.
MARCH: Esther and Abi Ofarim number one with " Cinderella Rockefella " Melody Maker tips the Nice, Family and Eyes Of Blue to " make it in '68 " Avant garde jazzman Ornette Coleman plays first-ever London concert Big surge of interest in British blues bands: John Mayall, Savoy Brown, Chicken Shack, and Fleetood Mac. MCA reissue " Rock Around The Clock " by Bill Haley & The Comets Musicians Union ban studio musicians "ghosting on records by pop groups Beatles' " Sgt. Pepper " wins Grammy award. New York Times calls Jimi Hendrix "The Black Elvis " Amen Corner drop rock and roll from their act Beatles, Beach Boys and Donovan still raving about the Maharishi, and his disciples plan "future projects " Louis Armstrong hits with " Wonderful World."
APRIL: Tom Jones No. 1. with " Delilah " Drummer Keep Hartley quits John Mayall Dave Dee and Bee Gees play bizarre concert at Royal Albert Half with Grapefruit and Royal Air Force Band Small Faces release " Lazy Sunday" to rave reviews. London's Marquee club celebrates tenth anniversary Georgic Fame tours with Count Basic orchestra Tim Buckley and Bill Haley tour Britain. Ace Kefford quits the Move.
MAY: Fire guts London's Speakeasy disco, home of the stars. Eric Clapton says: " I'm going back to the blues ". Brian Auger and Julie Driscoll steal show at Montreux Festival. Rolling Stones release " Jumping Jack Flash ". Ronnie Scott closes " The Old Place ". 1910 Fruitgum Co. introduce " bubblegum pop ". Beach Boys-Maharishi tour flops and the Maharishi quits America. Only 300 turned up to one New York concert. Brian Jones arrested and charged with possessing " dangerous drugs ". Union Gap hit with " Young Girl ". Dave Mason re-joins Traffic. Aretha Franklin plays London concerts.
JUNE: Mickey Dolenz announces new look for the Monkees as their TV series ends. Apple plan " a revolution " in business. " The Maharishi never sang like Ray Charles," say Eric Burdon. Julie Driscoll hits with " This Wheel's On Fire ". Pink Floyd and Tyrannosaurus Rex play free concerts in London's Hyde Park. BBC 2 start Colour Me Pop series. Keith Richard says: " UFOs are landing in my garden ". Mothers Of Invention's " We're Only In It For The Money " acclaimed as a masterpiece. Deaths of Peter McGurk, bass player with DudIey Moore Trio, guitarist Wes Montgomery and singer Gary Miller. Advert for Small Faces' LP " Ogden's Nut Gone Flake " which parodies the Lord's Prayer causes furore. Yardbirds rumoured to have split, with Jimmy Page forming new group. Jeff Beck jams in New York with Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton.
JULY: Jimi Hendrix, Tyrannosaurus Rex play at Melody Maker's Woburn Abbey festival 7,000 attend Hyde Park free concert by Pink Floyd, T. Rex, Jethro Tull and Roy Harper. Swing trumpeter Ziggy Eiman dies. Nice banned for life from Royal Albert Hall when Keith Emerson burns US flag during version of "America" Cream split. Says Eric Clapton: "The Cream has lost direction ". Arthur Brown ordered to rest as his hit " Fire " storms the chart. " If I get a hit, I'm changing my name to Zinc Alloy," says Marc Bolan. "The Underground is like a woman endlessly pregnant and never has a baby. So sad," says John Peel.
AUGUST: Ronnie Scott forms eight piece band with Ray Warleigh and Kenny Wheeler. Richard Harris hits with " MacArthur Park". Bubblegum pop sweeps America. Beatles' " Yellow Submarine " cartoon dropped by West End cinemas. Gary Burton and Larry Coryell split up partnership. Cream release "Wheels Of Fire " double album, Pink Floyd " A Saucerful Of Secrets," Beatles seven minute single " Hey Jude," their first on own label Apple. Drummer Jon Hiseman quits John Mayall to form his own band Colosseum. Raver reports: " Jethro Tull building up big following ". Saxist Tubby Hayes arrested and charged with possessing drugs. Bassist Dave Holland joins Miles Davis group. Jerry Lee Lewis and Arthur Brown play at National Jazz and Blues Festival. Scaffolding baits hurled at the Herd by Teddy Boys, and Arthur Brown's big entrance is ruined by collapsing stands. Eric Clapton guests with Ginger Baker and Phil Seamen.
SEPTEMBER: American radio stations ban Rolling Stones' " Street Fighting Man," album track "for fear of violence ". Skip Bifferty road manager drives their truckload of equipment into the Thames. Doors and Jefferson Airplane play historic concerts at London's Roundhouse and Airplane play first Isle Of Wight Festival. Mary Hopkin gets Apple hit with "Those Were The Days ". Sly and the Family Stone dropped from BBC TV's Top Of The Pops when group are charged with drug offence on visiting London. Joe Cocker releases, "With A Little Help From My Friends."
OCTOBER: Spencer Davis Group (second version) splits up. " Uproar" at Small Faces-Canned Heat concert at Colston Hall, Bristol. Faces accused of using "foul language ". Guitarist David O'List quits the Nice, Bruce Welch quits the Shadows. Buddy Rich invites audience to watch a movie at half-filled Croydon Fairfield Hall. The Fugs play the Roundhouse Jimmy Page forms the New Yardbirds with Robert Plant, John Bonham and John Paul Jones. Ed Sanders of the Fugs says the Underground is a fake. Ringo Starr signed for a part in The Magic Christian with Peter Sellers. Yardbirds change their name to Led Zeppelin. Jon Hiseman's Colosseum make their debut in Scarborough. Stan Tracey, Muddy Waters, Gerry Mulligan, Count Basle, Gary Burton in Jazz Expo '68. Talks to keep Cream together break down. "says manager Robert Stigwood.
NOVEMBER: Bob Dylan's film Don't Look Back at last shown in Britain, at London Film Festival. 32,000 attend Jazz Expo. Cream farewell concerts held at Royal Albert Hall. Mothers of Invention slated as " boring " at Royal Festival Hall. Johnny Cash hits with " Folsom Prison " album. Jimi Hendrix's " Electric Ladyland " album cover banned in some British shops because of nude ladies on the cover. Mm reports on recording session with the Who for a" pop opera " to be called "TOMMY ". Says Bob Dylan: "From my own experience drugs have nothing positive to offer". Curtain dropped on Who at Walthamstow Granada " because of the violence `of their ad " Jimi Hendrix announces the Experience are to split up. David Bowie changes name of mime group from Turquoise to Feathers. Graham Nash goes solo and quits Hollies. 1 million advance orders for new Beatles double album. Pianist Herbie Hancock quits Miles Davis quintet. Tony Palmer says Beatles are best songwriters since Schubert. Diana Ross arrives in London and says: " I's black and I'm proud."
DECEMBER: Traffic split. Stevie Winwood might be free to work with Eric Clapton. John Lennon fined 150 for possessing cannabis. Yoko Ono cleared of similar charge. " Has Apple gone rotten? " asks Melody Maker as directors quit. Syd Lawrence heads Glenn Miller revival. Scaffofd hit with " Lily The Pink ". Rolling Stones throw custard pies at press at reception for " Beggar's Banquet ". Eric Burden splits from the Animals - again. Peter Tork quits the Monkees. Guitarist Mick Abrahams quits Jethro Tull. Marmalade hit with " Ob-La-Di."

1969

JANUARY: Jimi Hendrix guests on BBC TV's Lulu show and stops in the middle of a song to play " Sunshine Of Your Love," by Cream, whose Farewell film is on BBC 1. San Francisco hailed as a" Mecca" for British and American musicians. Small Faces and Who wreck Track Records office at Christmas party, reports the Raver. Walls and guests coated with sausage and pastry. Rumours abound that Small Faces will break up. Clarinettist George Lewis dies in New Orleans. Jimi Hendrix says that the Experience will stay together Promoters say " 1969 is going to be the year of Elton John," after he releases "Lady Samantha" single. Melody Maker predictions for 1969 tip Led Zeppelin, Billy Cobham, John McLaughlin, Al Stewart, Colosseum and Yes for " future star- dom ". The Shadows break up after ten years. Judy Garland sits in with Stan Getz at Ronnie Scott's and sings " Get Happy ". Peter Frampton quits Herd to form own group. Caught in the Act calls Rod Stewart at Marquee: " A most underrated singer."
FEBRUARY Move hit with " Blackberry Way " and Trevor Burton quits. Melody Maker sponsors British Blues Scene tour with John Lee Hooker, as blues boom bites. Who release " Pinball Wizard " single. Fleetwood Mac number one with " Albatross " , Rolling Stones' business manager Allen Klein takes over the business affairs of Apple, the Beatles' company, John Lennon says that unless Apple stops losing money it will go bust. Ginger Baker may join new Clapton-Winwood group. Skinheads emerge in London. Clarinettist Pee Wee Russell dies in Virginia. Free release " Tons Of Sobs."
MARCH: Marvin Gaye hits with " I Heard It Through The Grapevine," Simon & Garfunkel with " Mrs. Robinson " EP. Peter Green denies Fleetwood Mac have " sold out " . Rave reviews for " Blood Sweat and Tears " album " Boom Bang A Bang " British entry for Eurovision Song Contest. Stevie Wonder tours Britain, and says new sound from Tamla is " funkadelic ". John Mayall signs for Newport Jazz Festival. Robin Gibb quits Bee Gees. Johnny Cash and Bob Dylan record together. Roland Kirk, Eric Clapton, Steven Stills, MJQ, Led Zeppelin, Colosseum, Buddy Miles in giant jam session in Staines for documentary film Super Session. Led Zeppelin's first album released. Rave review: " Jimmy Page triumphs! " as Zeppelin play the Marquee.
APRIL: Scandinavian tour by Clapton, Baker Winwood announced, plus free concert in London's Hyde Park planned. John Lennon and Yoko Ono plan " Life With The Lions " album on " Zapple " label. Jim Morrison's US stage act hailed as indecent. John and Yoko hold seven-day " Bed-In " at Amsterdam Hilton in anti-war protest. Current " in " phrase is " heavy music," and Melody Maker spotlights the Who, Free, Led Zeppelin, Spooky Tooth and Nice. Melody Maker describes Taste with Rory Gallagher as " mediocre group who inspire a frenzy ". Janis Joplin arrives in London for gigs. Jim Morrison of Doors released on bail after arrest by FBI for lewd behaviour on stage. John McLaughlin, British guitarist, records with Miles Davis. Steve Marriott and Peter Frampton form Humble Pie. Jazz-rock, new rage, is billed at Newport Jazz Festival, Duke Ellington has dinner with President Nixon in the White House on seventieth birthday.
MAY: Japanese refuse Miles Davis a work permit. Kinks' " Plastic Man " banned from Top Of The Pops for use of word " bum " Jimi Hendrix arrested in Canada and charged with possessing heroin. Released on 10,000 dollars bail ." Blind Faith " is name of new Baker, Clapton, Winwood supergroup. The Who unveil rock opera " Tommy " at press reception at London's Ronnie Scott Club. Fairport Convention drummer Mar- tin Lambie killed when group's van overturns on M1. Rest of group injured. John Mayall drops guitar and drums from line-up. Mick Jagger signed for role in film Ned Kelly., Tenor sax giant Coleman Hawkins dies. Who charged with assault on police at Fillmore East. Mrs. Mary Whitehouse threatens BBC for showing Tony Palmer film All My Loving. Diana Ross and Supremes break up. Tyrannosaurus Rex go "heavy" and electric. Rod Stewart signs solo recording contract Mick Jagger and Marianne Faithfull arrested in Chelsea and accused of possessing cannabis.
JUNE: EMI lau^nch " underground " label, Harvest. Midnight Court at London's Lyceum replaces defunct Middle Earth as hippies' venue. Former John Mayall guitarist Mick Taylor replaces Brian Jones in Rolling Stones. Jones split due to " differences over musical policy ". Top British jazz' saxist John Surman quits Britain for America. Donovan, Richie Havens join Blind Faith at Free Concert. Lennon and Yoko form Plastic Ono Band and release " Give Peace A Chance," recorded in Toronto hotel suite. Organist Vincent Crane and drummer Carl Palmer quit Crazy World Of Arthur Brown to form new group Atomic Rooster. Rod Stewart sits in with the Faces.
JULY: Excitement mounts at planned Rolling Stones free concert in Hyde Park: " Bring a drum or a tambourine to bang or something," urges Jagger. Noel Redding quits Jimi Hendrix Experience, Mitch Mitchell's plans unknown. Jimi plans larger group. Pop Proms concerts start at Royal Albert Hall with Led Zeppelin, who also play Bath Festival with Roy Harper, Nice. Mac, Liverpool Scene, Colosseum Chicken Shack. Brian Jones found dead in swimming pool at his home, just a week before the Stones' free concert, which goes ahead. Jagger reads Shelley in tribute to Brian. 3,000 butterflies are released in the park. Royal Albert Hall ban rock concerts following last night of Pop Proms featuring Chuck Berry and the Who. " It's not the artists we object to, but the hood- lums they attract," says a spokesman.
AUGUST: Led Zeppelin receive gold disc for first album. Altoist / organist Graham Bond returns from West Indies to Britain. Julie Driscoll quits Brian Auger Trinity. BBC say they haven't banned Jane Birkin's " Je T'Aime," but don't play it. Thunderclap Newman split. Yes steal the show at Plumpton festival. Bob Dylan's arrival in Britain and departure of fans for Isle Of Wight called " second Dunkirk." Dylan says: " We may 6e on stage for a full three hours ". Melody Maker investigates " idiot dancing ". Humble Pie make debut at Belgian pop festival. Melody Maker's verdict on Dylan at Isle Of Wight: " A success. What did they want - blood? "
SEPTEMBER: Blues singer Josh White dies. Drummer Colin Petersen sacked from Bee Gees. Spencer Davis quits Spencer Davis Group. John and Yoko play rock 'n' roll show in Toronto and deny being booed off. Creedence Clearwater Revival number one with " Bad Moon Rising ". Deep Purple play concert with Royal Philharmonic Orchestra at Albert Hall. Graham Bond arrested at London club on bankruptcy charges. Isle Of Wight ratepayers try to stop plans for another festival.
OCTOBER: Amen Corner, Don Rendell-lan Carr Quintet split. Steve Took and Marc Bolan part company. Rumours of Blind Faith split. Eric Clapton says: " We were pushed to the front without being ready". Eric Clapton announces plans to tour with American group Delaney & Bonnie. First King Crimson album release is " In The Court Of Crimson King". Marc Bolan announces new plans for T, Rex. Advertises in Melody Maker for new partner, " a gentle guy ". Graham Bond plays concert to half-empty Albert Hall. Delaney & Bonnie " best band in the world," says Eric Clapton. Ads for " reggae music " appear in Melody Maker back pages. The Mothers Of Invention split. The Faces sign with Warner Brothers Nice play with symphony orchestra at Fairfield Hall, Croydon.
NOVEMBER: Jeff Beck seriously injured in hot rod crash. New work " Earthrise " by Mike Westbrook, top British jazz composer, commissioned by Sir Bernard Miles for his Mermaid Theatre. Eric Clapton records with George Harrison for alleged solo albums. John and Yoko issue " Wedding" album. Arlo Guthrie stars in movie Alice's Restaurant. Buddy Rich tours Britain playing " West Side Story " medley. Who tour with "Tommy ". Fairport Convention split. " Bloody stupid," says Paul McCartney as " death " rumour hits States. Bandleader and trombonist Ted Heath dies. Ginger Baker announces plans for his new group, Airforce, while Blind Faith is held " in abeyance."
DECEMBER: Rolling Stones' American tour breaks all previous box office records. Mystery of British single by Led Zeppelin " Whole Lotta Love," issued and then withdrawn Rod Stewart revealed as new vocalist with Small Faces (now the Faces). Jonathan King says he is-giving up pop writing and pontificating because he is too old for pop at 25. Fairport Convention's " Liege & Lief " album hailed as " the first British folk rock LP ever". John Lennonn says: " Taking the MBE was a sell-out for me ". Pink Floyd to write film music for Antonioni's Zabriskie Point. Line-up for Airforce includes Phil Seamen, Graham Bond, Stevie Winwood, Harold McNair and Denny Laine. Bandleader Jack Payne dies. New band, Judas Jump, formed from members of Herd, Amen Corner and Mindbenders. Jimi Hendrix acquitted on drugs charge in Toronto. Parliamentary Secretary to Board of Trade presents Gold and Platinum discs to Led Zeppelin at London ceremony for their export efforts. George Harrison, Eric Clapton, John & Yoko play UNICEF concert in London's Lyceum.


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